Filing Insurance If your home or business has been damaged during a disaster, the first step to recovering is to talk with your insurance company. Tell your homeowners insurance company and file a claim. You must do this first before you file any other claim. If you were flooded and have flood insurance, file a claim. If you do not have flood insurance, visit floodsmart.gov to learn how to get a policy before the next flood. If your insurance does not fully cover the loss of or damages to your home, you may apply for assistance with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), but only AFTER you've filed your insurance claims. After filing with FEMA, and your loss is still greater, you may file with the Small Business Administration for a loan. For more North Carolina Insurance Information, call toll free 855-408-1212. For information about the National Flood Insurance Program, call 888-379-9531. Before After Insurance Tips Check and list all of your property. Write down what you own to help the insurance company look over your loss. Be sure to take pictures. Give details of your items. Store these and other important insurance papers in waterproof containers or in your safety deposit boxes. Look over your insurance policies and coverage to keep from having a misunderstanding later. Separate policies are needed for protection against wind and flood damage. Find out if your home is subject to flooding. Your local building inspection department has copies of the Flood Insurance Rate Maps that show property subject to a 100-year storm frequency. Protect your property. If a storm is coming, cover windows with storm shutters, siding or plywood. Move vehicles into garages when possible, or park them near your home and away from trees. Click here for more property protection tips. If disaster does strike your home or vehicle: Tell your insurance company as soon as possible to file a claim. Have an adjuster come out for a visit. You must do this first before you file any other claim. Before fixing anything on/in your house, take pictures. Make a list of the damage. Protect your home from further damage by making short-term repairs only, until your insurance company can tell you what to do. Save any receipts anything you bought to fix the damage. Do not have long-lasting repairs made until your insurance company has checked out the property and you have reached an agreement on the cost of repairs. If necessary, rent temporary shelter. If you cannot live in your home, most homeowner’s policies pay extra living expenses while your property is being fixed. Before renting temporary shelter, check with your insurance company or agent to figure out what costs will be paid back to you. Unless you have extra coverage with your homeowner’s policy, food lost in a power outage is probably not covered. Think about buying an endorsement to cover food losses in the future. Most damage to your home or nearby structures from fallen trees is covered by your homeowner’s policy. Check with your agent or company before calling the tree removal service as removal costs may also be covered. Damage to your vehicles resulting from fallen trees or debris may be covered by your auto policy if you have full coverage. Check with your agent to see if your vehicle is covered. A homeowner's policy does not cover flooding! The only way to protect your property from flood losses is to buy flood insurance from the National Flood Insurance Program. Policies must be in place for 30 days before coverage takes effect. Contact your agent for more information. If your insurance does not adequately cover the loss of or damages to your home, you may file a claim with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), but only AFTER you've filed your homeowner's insurance claim. After filing with FEMA, and your loss is still greater, you may file with the Small Business Administration for a loan. Keep in mind that none of these measures will ever get your home back to the way it was. These steps are meant to help you get back on your feet. Following a state emergency, the Department of Insurance will be in close contact with top insurance companies doing business in the state. They will have up-to-date consumer hotline numbers available for those who need to contact their companies. For more North Carolina Insurance Information or call: 855-408-1212 Get an insurance policy that offers at least 80 percent of the full replacement costs of the building. Renters need separate renters insurance! If you live in rental property, none of your personal belongings are insured unless you get renters insurance. Renters' insurance policies are very affordable and give needed coverage in case of damage to your personal property. Flood damage is only covered by a flood insurance policy. Standard homeowner’s policies do not cover damage caused by rising flood waters. Flooding can occur in any part of the state, from the mountains to the coast, even if you are not in a flood zone. Keep these things in mind: If you have flood-related damage and do not have flood insurance, your only resource is whatever federal funding help that might be available. This may be limited or not enough to fully cover your loss. Think about your flooding risk. Do you live near a body of water? Are you in a low-lying area? Has your neighborhood flooded before? Your insurance agent can help you figure out your risk. You can only buy flood insurance through the National Flood Insurance Program. Call the NFIP at 1-800-427-4661 or visit www.floodsmart.gov for more information. There is a 30-day waiting period before flood policies take effect, so don't wait until a storm is coming to buy coverage.